The keyboard is an essential input device used to input text, numbers, and symbols into a computer. The standard keyboard layout is known as QWERTY, which is an arrangement of letters, numbers, and symbols on a keyboard. The QWERTY keyboard layout is the most commonly used keyboard layout, and it has been in use for over a century. In this article, we will discuss why the keyboard is arranged as QWERTY.
The QWERTY keyboard layout was invented in the early 1870s by Christopher Sholes, a newspaper editor and printer from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Sholes was trying to develop a typewriter that would reduce typist’s speed to prevent jamming of the keys. The earliest typewriters used an alphabetical keyboard, which caused frequent jamming. Sholes came up with this layout by arranging the most frequently used letters on the keyboard in such a way as to minimize the likelihood of jamming.
The QWERTY layout was designed to make typing slower and more deliberate. The idea behind this was to prevent typists from typing too quickly, which would cause the keys to jam. The QWERTY layout was also designed to make it easier for typists to learn how to type. The layout was arranged in a way that the letters that are most frequently used are placed under the fingers of the strongest and most dexterous fingers, such as the index and middle fingers.
Despite its design, the QWERTY layout is not the most efficient keyboard layout. Many studies have shown that other keyboard layouts, such as the Dvorak Simplified Keyboard (DSK) and the Colemak keyboard layout, are more efficient than QWERTY. These keyboard layouts are designed to reduce finger fatigue, improve typing speed, and reduce the likelihood of typographical errors.
Despite the inefficiencies of the QWERTY layout, it has become the standard keyboard layout for most countries. This is due to the fact that it is widely accepted and supported by most operating systems and software applications. Changing the keyboard layout would require a significant amount of effort and time, and many people are accustomed to using the QWERTY layout.
In conclusion, the QWERTY keyboard layout was designed to minimize the likelihood of jamming on early typewriters. Despite being less efficient than other keyboard layouts, it has become the standard keyboard layout for most countries due to its wide acceptance and compatibility with most operating systems and software applications.